EXCERPT from  HUMAN BODY TYPES. What Is Real Beauty?  by Thom Olson  in VIVAcini! 26 Oct 2012

“Ectomorph, Mesomorph,
Endomorph” . . .
These three words were
coined by American psychologist
William Sheldon
(1898-1977) in the
early part of the 20th
century. Sheldon observed
different body types and categorized
male’s bodies into three “Somatotypes” each
with certain characteristics:
• “Ectomorph” — Delicate build, flat chest, fragile,
lean, lightly muscled with small shoulders,
thin. Joints are smaller and limbs are long in
proportion. The neck is long and narrow. Picture
Audrey Hepburn in “Breakfast at Tiffany’s.”
• “Mesomorph” — Hard body with a rectangular
shape, thick skin, straight posture and mature
muscle mass. Mesomorph shoulders are broad
with a relatively narrow waist. From the back,
this athletic individual can have a pronounced V
formed by the latissimus dorsi with well-developed
arms and legs. Think Arnold in “Conan”
or “Terminator.”
• “Endomorph” — Round and soft, this physique
has mass concentrated in the abdominal area most
often as fat not muscle. Arms, legs, hands and feet
are relatively small or short in proportion to the
body frame. Upper arms and thighs are more developed
than the lower aspects. The waist appears
high. This body-type would be early-Janet Jackson
or Queen Latifa.

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