Each spring animal shelters across the country fill up with dogs who were given as “presents” for Christmas . . . those are the more fortunate ones. Others are heartlessly abandoned somewhere in the wilderness or . . . . . . . .
Everybody loves games, especially dogs, so here’s one you can play with your dog to help you practice the art of “focus shift ing.” All you need is someone to call out the signals, . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .
Scientific research has shown us repeatedly that the most effective training is based on positive reinforcement —a desired behavior should be rewarded with something the dog sees as a reward. For most dogs, that means a special treat. For other dogs
It’s also a tad narcissistic on the owner’s part to conclude that every behavior, action or feeling on the dog’s part has
something to do with the owner. Fear is an emotional state, a product of the limbic system, or the mammalian brain,
which all mammals, including we humans, share.