In 1863, Laguna Pueblo benefi ted by allowing military wagon trains to use their pueblo as a staging area on the trail to Ft. Defi ance. Colonel Carson also recruited Laguna and Ute scouts to track and capture the Navajo.
Using the same strategy, Carson burned crops, hogans (Navajo traditional homes), and destroyed their flocks of sheep and herds of horses. In December 1863, the first 500 Navajo endured the forced march to . . . . .
Shirley stated “the memorial is not about guilt or pity for the Navajo but it is a celebration of the Navajo spirit to survive and to prosper.”
In the middle of the ceremony, there was a loud, piercing cry from a woman at the edge . . . .